The present work was carried out to review the existing literature available on the crustacean macro fauna of the Gujarat state. p. 11. The population of Gujarat was 60,439,692 (31,491,260 males and 28,948,432 females) according to the 2011 census data. However, whilst they have led to increased productivity, their effect on equity in the region has been questioned, because membership in agricultural co-operatives has tended to favour landowners whilst limiting the entry of landless agricultural labourers. Gujarat has an area of 75,686 sq mi (196,030 km2) with the longest coastline (24% of Indian sea coast) 1,600 kilometres (990 mi), dotted with 41 ports: one major, 11 intermediate and 29 minor. Gujarat produces about 98% of India's required amount of soda ash, and gives the country about 78% of the national requirement of salt. [157], Gujarati folk music, known as Sugam Sangeet, is a hereditary profession of the Barot, Gadhvi and Charan communities. Biodiversity Assessment around selected Limestone mines near Chandrapur, Maharasthra. [88], The 2001 Gujarat earthquake was located about 9 km south-southwest of the village of Chobari in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District. By. Recently, in 2012, Gujarat began an experiment to reduce water loss due to evaporation in canals and to increase sustainability in the area by constructing solar panels over the canals. The colourful Rann Utsav Festival is held annually in the Rann of Kutch, People enjoying Raan Utsav at Dhordo, Kutch. Unlike many solar power projects, this one does not take up large amounts of land since the panels are constructed over the canals, and not on additional land. Other major food crops produced are rice, wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, tur, and gram. [15], Gujarat was one of the main central areas of the Indus Valley Civilisation. Fauna of India by State: Fauna of Gujarat, Fauna of Jammu and Kashmir, Fauna of Karnataka, Fauna of Kerala, Fauna of Maharashtra, Fauna of Tami He was defeated and overthrown by the superior forces of Alauddin Khalji from Delhi in 1297. City Services – GSRTC provides city bus services at Surat, Vadodara, Vapi, Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad, within the state of Gujarat. Muslims are the biggest minority in the state accounting for 9.5% of the population. After the independence of India in 1947, the Indian National Congress (INC) ruled the Bombay State (which included present-day Gujarat and Maharashtra). It is the fifth-largest Indian state by area and the ninth-largest state by population. The 39.259 km (24.394 mi) long tracks of the first phase of MEGA, a metro rail system for Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar is under construction. The administration of the state is led by the Chief Minister. [17] It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. The state was an early point of contact with the west, and the first British commercial outpost in India was in Gujarat. Fauna of Protected Areas - 9: Herpetofauna of Vansda National Park, Gujarat Fauna of Gujarat by Zoological Survey of India, unknown edition, A home to diverse fauna and flora, the park is one of the protected areas of Gujarat. The Palitana temples of Jainism on Mount Shatrunjaya, Palitana are considered the holiest of all pilgrimage places by the Svetambara and Digambara Jain community. Some of the most famous national parks and wildlife in Gujarat are the Gir Forest National Park, Marine National park and Blackbuck National Park etc. [185] Palitana is the world's only mountain with more than 900 temples. Whilst the success of these was mixed throughout the country, their positive impact on the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat have been the most significant. His government lasted only two years. [118], Tallest tower in Gujarat, GIFT One was inaugurated on 10 January 2013. [161] long before the internal rise of the Maratha Dynasty, and the British Raj colonial occupation. Title. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. [117] The state ranks 15th alongside Germany in a list of 142 nations worldwide: higher than several developed nations. Nav Nirman Andolan was a socio-political movement of 1974. [177] During the historic reigns of the sultans, Hindu craftsmanship blended with Islamic architecture, giving rise to the Indo-Saracenic style. Kalol, Khambhat, and Ankleshwar are today known for their oil and natural gas production. Keeping in view poor state of knowledge of nematode fauna from Gujarat … [178], Gujarat has a variety of museums on different genres that are run by the state's Department of Museums located at the principal state museum, Baroda Museum & Picture Gallery in Vadodara,[179] which is also the location of the Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum. During the winter, flocks Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Shanti Business School in Ahmedabad is a business school offering post graduate diploma in management through corporate citizenship initiative. Flora and Fauna of Gujarat Gujarat is a state in the north-west coast of India. This results in lower upfront costs since land does not need to be acquired, cleared or modified to set up the panels. 0 Ratings 0 Want to read; 0 Currently reading; 0 Have read; This edition published in 2009 by Zoological Survey of India in Kolkata. This success was lauded by former President of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. Almost 88% of the Gujarati Muslims speak Gujarati as their mother tongue, whilst the other 12% speak Urdu. Over 20% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Gujarat. The British East India Company wrested control of much of Gujarat from the Marathas during the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1802–1803. is a distinctive species found only in Gujarat, in the Rann of Kutch. One other tower called GIFT Two has been finished and more towers are planned. [191], These airports are operated and owned by either the Airports Authority of India, Indian Air Force, Government of Gujarat or private companies.[192][193]. However, the Gujarat Electricity Board switched to flat tariff rates linked to the horsepower of pumps, which increased tubewell irrigation again and decreased the use of electric pumps. 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