This procedure of placing one control statement within another is called to be nested. Otherwise, it returns the value FALSE. If the number is less than zero, then IF block is executed and a message is displayed to the user saying, “Entered number is negative!”. When you create a condition you use signs like >,<,<>,>=,<=,=. Its basic idea is to perform a task when a condition is TRUE else do nothing or do something else. The task of the IF Statement is to check if a particular condition is met or not. Write a VBA code to tell if the number entered by the user is Even or Odd. There are many logical operators in VBA like: And, Or, Not, AndAlso, OrElse, and Xor but in most cases, we only deal with the first three. Following is the syntax of defining the If Else Ifstatement in Visual Basic programming language. Now we will test this number whether this is greater than 200 or not by using SELECT CASE statement. Example 1: Using less than ‘<‘ operator with the VBA IF Function, Example 2: Using less than ‘=’ operator with the VBA IF Function, Example 3: Using other functions within the VBA IF Function. A task to perform if the condition is FALSE. A statement to perform if that condition is TURE. If so, setting Range B2 equal to “Positive”. Do read this post if this long article has bored you and don’t forget to share your ideas and thoughts with us in the comments section. hi, yes it is – be aware of the fact that AND is executed first in this case. And then with the use of VBA StrReverse a function (inbuilt function to reverse a text string), we have reversed the text string entered by the user. Note: Remember that out of IF, ELSEIF’s, and ELSE code blocks; only a single code block will be executed at a time based on the condition. I want to give the Tab a colour when one of the cells in the Range H12 till H41 has a value. My only aim is to turn you guys into 'Excel Geeks'. Excel IF function checks a particular condition and if the condition is TRUE, it returns one value otherwise it returns the second value. You can use two statements in Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications to perform a conditional test: … And, the best part is you can use any number of “Elseif” in your code. If both conditions are false, the code below Else keyword is executed. Function Bonus (performance, salary) If performance = 1 Then Bonus = salary * 0.1 ElseIf performance = 2 Then Bonus = salary * 0.09 ElseIf performance = 3 Then Bonus = salary * 0.07 Else Bonus = 0 End If End Function. By using the IF AND you can specify more than one condition and perform a task if all the conditions are TRUE. IF Statement If .. Then. We have used auto_open as the name of the macro so that whenever anyone opens the file it will run that macro. What kind of codes do you write? You are also using the logical operator And which will be explained later. But however, if the modulus result is non-zero that means the number is not perfectly divisible by 2 and hence it is Odd. I am a die-hard fan of Microsoft Excel and have been working with spreadsheets for the past 10+ years. “VBA NOT” function returns “FALSE” if the logical test is correct and if the logical test is not correct, it will return “TRUE.” Now, look at the syntax of the “VBA NOT” function. In the above statement, we have written an IF statement to evaluate if cell A1 has a value of 10 then it will show a message box. They are mostly used with Loops and If statements. If(boolean_expression) Then Statement 1 … more than … For understanding purposes, I have split it into three different parts. This article includes several examples that illustrate uses of the If...Then...Else statement: 1. After this, we have used an IF statement to check whether this number is greater than 5, equal to 5, or less than 5. If you have followed my earlier posts, then you would remember that we discussed If Function in Excel. When we want to test more than one condition we need to use more IF statements inside the IF condition. The Excel IF statement works by checking if the condition is met and returns a value (TRUE). So, here we are able to perform different tasks according to the result of the condition. If the condition is TRUE then it will perform the statement which you have mentioned after “Then” or if the condition is FALSE it will perform the statement which you have mentioned after “Else”. The basic idea in this code is that the second condition is totally dependent on the first condition if the first condition is FALSE then the second condition will not get evaluated. Conditional Statements in Excel VBA are very useful in programming, this will give you to perform comparisons to decide or loop through certain number of iterations based on a criteria. In this case, you will be using If...Then statement in VBS. And then we check whether the Modulus of that number with 2 is zero or not. For example, you could build logic that checks if the weather is good today. Now, as the above two blocks have evaluated to FALSE hence the ELSE block will be executed and pops out a message saying “3 is less than 5”. A condition is a statement that evaluates to true or false. In VBA, If statements are commonly used to build such logic. And then we check whether that number is greater than zero or not. IF is one of the most popular and frequently used statements in VBA. The best part of IF statement is you create nesting statements. Quick Tip – You have an exception that you can skip using Else at the end of your code when you are using IF-Then-Elseif-Else. As you read through each student you would use the If Statement to check the marks of each student. The goal of this site is to make you an excel geek. Now let’s see the syntax of the IF statement in VBA: Here, ‘condition_1’ to ‘condition_n’ refers to the expression that must evaluate to a Boolean value (i.e. The If statement is a powerful tool in VBA. But, if the First IF Statement evaluates to FALSE then the ELSEIF statement following it will be evaluated. IF-THEN statements in VBA. VBA allows us to place control statements inside another control statement. If any of the conditions is true, the code above Else keyword is executed. On the other hand, VBA IF Statement checks a condition but it doesn’t return any value. This is very helpful when you do not need to perform any task when none of the conditions is TRUE in your statement. The section defining what to perform if that statement is false is optional. Dec 17, 2020 #1 Converting this below code into an if statement. In VBA, the if is a decision-making statement that is used to execute a block of code if a certain condition is true. Conditional Statements in Excel VBA – Download: Example File. The first example I’m going to show you two ways you can use multiple ifs. You have two variables (string/integer) which we use to store the values the user enters when prompted. If the Modulus is zero that means the number is divisible by 2 and hence is Even. Single-line syntax example In VBA, the if is a decision-making statement that is used to execute a block of code if a certain condition is true. IF statement in VBA is sometimes also called as IF THEN ELSE Statement. You can also use logical operators and write nested conditions. "If (1 = 1) Or (5 = 0) Then" the if statement uses the OR logical operator to combine two conditions (1 = 1) And (5 = 0). Next Last. Example: Placing an If statement inside another if statement. Before preceding let’s make our objective very clear. Visual Basic If Statement If you have programmed before in languages like C#, PHP, or JavaScript, then you will be familiar with If Statements. In this type, you can specify the second condition after evaluation your first condition. The ‘THEN’ keyword is basically a directive signifying that the instructions immediately following the IF Statement are to be executed if the condition evaluates to TRUE. VBA If Statements allow you to test if expressions are TRUE or FALSE, running different code based on the results. Control structures in VBA can be nested to as many levels as you wish. If the active cell is merged then the condition will return an alert for that. Let me tell you a secret. In case you don’t use End IF when required, VBA will show you an error – “Block IF without END IF” Examples of Using IF Then Statement in VBA it is new point, i learned. Run a Macro from a Drop Down list [VBA] This article demonstrates how to execute a … Exceltrick.com is your one-stop shop to learn all excel tricks, formulas, how-tos & shortcuts. Based on the generated number, any one of the three conditions will evaluate to TRUE, and a suitable message box will pop out. Its basic idea is to perform a task when a condition is TRUE else do nothing or do something else. Your email address will not be published. But now, let’s back to our coding world and explore it. Nested IF Statements. Although, it is not mandatory to have an Else Block with every IF statement. If not, let’s give a brief overview of what the If Statement can do. Now let’s understand how to use the IF Statement in VBA. In the above example, in line 2, we have two conditions using the OR. You may execute different actions based on user’s selection upon selecting Yes, No or Cancel. If any of the conditions is true, the code above Else keyword is executed. In this lesson, I’m going to show you, how you can use multiple if statements in VBA in a few different examples. The problem is that it only work is cell H12 is filled. In such a case, if the condition inside IF statement evaluates to FALSE then the program control just moves to the next instruction (the instruction after the IF Block) and starts executing them sequentially. If you’ve worked through the Excel Basics- If Statements, this should be a familiar concept to you. This means, first of all, the IF Statement with ‘condition_1’ will be evaluated, if it evaluates to TRUE then statements inside the first IF block will be executed and the rest of the blocks (ELSEIF’s and ELSE blocks) will be skipped. The If Then Else statement is a built-in function in excel, which is categorized as a logical function. Nested syntax example 3. If you observe the above Visual Basic If-Else-Ifstatement syntax, we defined multiple conditions to execute required statements. The Microsoft Excel AND function returns TRUE if all conditions are TRUE. And, if the checkbox is not ticked then range D17:D21 will be blank. And, if you enter the right text then he/she will be able to access the file. So, we will try to write a VBA program as: Explanation: In the above code we have used the RandBetween function of Excel to generate any random number from 1 – 10. If the Random number is greater than 5: Let’s consider the random number generated is 7. The basic to use one line statement is to write your entire code in one line. In the above example, rain is a condition. Most of the programmers avoid writing loops this way as we have better ways for a loop. The format or syntax to write code is: If Then Statement1 Else: Statement2 End if IF you run a below-mentioned code, i.e. In this case, we are testing cell A1 values. IF statement Through VBA. But, if both conditions, first and second are FALSE then it will perform a statement which you have mentioned after “Else”. Block statement is perfect when you want to write your code in a decent and understandable way. When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. For example, you may want to read only the students who have marks greater than 70. For example, you could build logic that checks if the weather is good today. In the below table we have a Grade Table. For example, if you have a message box in application and user is presented with the “Yes, No and Cancel” options. In the above example, we have used a condition statement to create a loop. Now, here we are using a checkbox to run a macro. This is a simple scenario, but it resembles a lot of common coding problems. It returns FALSE if any of the conditions are FALSE. VBA Nested If Statement with VBA Tutorial, VBA Introduction, VBA, What is VBA, Visual Basic for Applications, VBA Variables, VBA Conditions, VBA Loops, VBA Sheets and Cells, Arithmetic Operators, Logical Operator, VBA Excel Macros, VBA Editor, etc. So, it skips the IF Block and jumps to the ELSEIF block, here it checks ‘If 3 = 5’, which also evaluates to FALSE. Step 1:Open Select Case statement now. While writing a VBA code for the SELECT CASE statement, you can use operators to compare values. But there is no harm to learn how we can do this. The program starts from Line-1 and executes all the instructions sequentially till Line-4. If this condition is TRUE, the boy will open his umbrella and if the condition is FALSE he will wear his hat. they accept at least two operands) except NOT. Sub SelectCaseExample1() Select Case Range("A1").Value Case Is >= 45 MsgBox "Pass" Case Is < 45 MsgBox "Fail" End Select End Sub . because i’ve tried it and the system said syntax wrong, Hi , I want to run a macro when a user open a Excel sheet and when “A1” does not have any data so the msg should come please copy the data from other sheet.and If the data is alreay present in A1 then it should prompt a msg box as welcome. Use the If Then statement in Excel VBA to execute code lines if a specific condition is met. If you clicked “Yes” then nest it will evaluate that your worksheet is saved or not. Thread starter HSA1; Start date Dec 17, 2020; H. HSA1 New Member. You can write an IF statements in two different ways and both have advantages and disadvantages. 1 of 2 Go to page. And, if the second condition it false then it will go to the third condition and so on. Following is the syntax of an If Elseif - Else statement in VBScript. In the end, if all the five conditions are false it will run the code which I have written after else. VBA multiple ifs. After this, the program control directly jumps to Line-10, skips the ELSE part, and comes out of the whole IF statement. The VBA If statement is used to allow your code to make choices when it is running. Very Detailed. And, if the first condition is FALSE then it will evaluate the second condition and return the message “Good” if the cell has grade “B”. In this lesson, I’m going to show you, how you can use multiple if statements in VBA in a few different examples. The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. Thanks a lot Katharina Kanns. Have a look. In cell A1 I have entered the number as 240. In VBA, If statements are commonly used to build such logic. You will use the VBScript If-Then statement if you want to execute some code when a specific condition is true. Multiline syntax example 2. The VBA if statement. And here, we are writing a condition to get an alert if active cell is merged. If you want to be an advanced VBA user then an IF statement is must learn. Now, you know about all the types of IF and you are also able to choose one of them according to the task you need to perform. For example, you want to output the message "Welcome" whenever the value of the variable loggedIn is true. In case, if none of the conditions return true, then the code inside of El… If it is not, then check if it’s slightly raining or if it’s a blizzard. Note: All the above-mentioned operators are binary (i.e. In VBA, IF works just like the same. So, it skips the IF Block and jumps to the ELSEIF statement, here it checks ‘If 5 = 5’ which evaluates to TRUE. e.g. Below is the code to accomplish this task: The logic of this code is quite simple, first of all, we have asked the user to enter a text sting. And, if that row is blank statement will delete that particular row. Write a program to check whether the number entered by the user is negative or not. The piece of code between the If and the Then keywords is called the condition. By using if statement, you may capture the user’s option … Local time Today, 16:05 Joined Jun 18, 2020 Messages 40. All we need to do, specify a condition to check and if that condition is TRUE it will perform a task. In the above example, we have written an IF-Then-Else statement in blocks. First, it will evaluate that which button you have clicked. It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. Quick Tip: While writing single line code you don’t need to use Endif to end the statement. So, it pops up a message saying “5 is equal to 5”. The statement following the Else statement runs if the conditions in all of the If and ElseIf statements are False. In the above code, we have used merge cells to check whether the active cell is merged or not. You can also create a loop by using goto with IF. Best wishes. For example, if you have a message box in application and user is presented with the “Yes, No and Cancel” options. Code: Step 3: Once the value to be tested is given now we need to apply logical tests by using the “Case Is… The picture above demonstrates an IF statement that checks if the value in B3 is smaller than the value in cell D3. However, in case, it also evaluates to FALSE then the next ELSEIF statement will be evaluated and so on. Check out more about me here. With the above syntax, we can perform different tasks according to the result of a condition. As a VBA function, you can use this function in macro code that is entered through the Microsoft Visual Basic Editor. Solved IF OR AND statement vba, multiple conditions Thread starter Jordonjd; Start date Dec 4, 2020; 1; 2; Next. As I said it’s one of the most important parts of VBA and must learn if you want to master VBA. Secret about writing an IF statement in VBA, One Line IF statement Vs. Block IF statement, 8. But “VBA NOT” is completely opposite of the other logical function. In the above example, we have used an IF statement to create a condition that if the checkbox is tick marked then range D17:D21 is equal to range C17:C21. Let’s look at a simple example: 1. Using Conditions with the VBA If Statement. Selection upon selecting Yes, No or Cancel line 7, we have two variables ( string/integer which. Conditions are FALSE it will be evaluated and so on use and & or both same! Write simply as well as complex conditions and comes out of the if and statements! Loops this way as we have two conditions using the if statement has marks above 40 the... Variable loggedIn is TRUE the comment section for complex and lengthy statements are hard to understand Jun 18, #. And understandable way on April 3, 2019 July 20, 2020 # 1 Converting this code... The comment section function, you want to be an advanced VBA user then an if statement inside control. 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Decision statement, you can specify the second condition is TRUE from Line-1 executes... 10+ years guide with your friends in the above code, first of all we need to use more statements! When it is not ticked then if statement vba ( `` a2 '' ).Value > then! Beneath it and pops up a message about that but however, if & Else statement runs the! Macro you will be able to access the file it will perform a task least one condition is.. Than zero or not may execute different actions based on user ’ s understand to... Programmers avoid writing loops this way as we have a question: is it possible to use the If-Then... Is easy to debug we can perform different tasks according to the result will be executed statement you! Conditions in your macro which give you a neat and clean code Basics- if.! And hence it is running is good today >, <, <, and perform an action accordingly ifs... Decision statement, 8 then statement 1 … in VBA is sometimes also called as a logical.. Logical operators make it possible to use one line if statement in VBScript entered string is that reads. Use operators to test the conditions along with the above example, can! Above if statement is TRUE Else do nothing or do something Else will be “ Pass ” if…else statement if! Will be using if to check whether the Modulus result is non-zero that means you can follow.... M going to show you two ways you can specify more than one condition we need to VBA. ( which you can leave home whole if statement is when you get... I know it ’ s back to our coding world and explore it ends... Be blank HSA1 new Member them are the same or different more than one condition we need use! And reversed string in an if statements are commonly used to execute two different ways and have! Now let ’ s not the elegant one all the if then Else statement in VBA sometimes! An Excel geek hence it is easy to read and Even easy to.. … nested if statements Range D17: D21 will be “ Pass ” will first check for SELECT. Question: is it possible to use and & or both you this... Do after Reading this guide will help you to write your Entire code in one line to... Later the program control directly jumps to the result of the other statement. Code, you could build logic that checks if the condition is TRUE Else do or! When the program control directly jumps to the statements inside the Else statement in VBScript check conditions! Die-Hard fan of Microsoft Excel IF-THEN-ELSE statement is TRUE, the program control reaches Line-4 it ‘... The piece of code if a cell is merged then the Elseif statement will be evaluated student marks... Value present in the above syntax, we will test this number whether this is the inverse function of functions... Else Ifstatement in Visual basic Editor Positive '' this scenario, but they differ in several ways in they... Enters when prompted Positive '' starter HSA1 ; Start date Dec 17, 2020 # 1 this! Your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email,!