Omissions? New York: Robert Appleton Company. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. Rom., III (Rome, 1677), 89-146; SERDONATI, Vita d' Innocenzo VIII (Milan, 1829); PASTOR, Geschichte der Päpste (4tb ed., Freiburg, 1899), 175-285: bibliog. XXXVII-LXIX; tr. Witch . Death of Pope Innocent VIII, 25 July 1492, born Giovanni Battista Cybo or Cibo, was Pope 1484 to his death ID: JRTXY0 (RM) In a bull of 1484 Innocent acknowledged belief in witchcraft, condemned it, and then dispatched inquisitors to Germany to try witches. Reasons The Trials Of Witch Trials 1266 Words | 6 Pages. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08019b.htm. BURCHARD, Diarium, ed. Pope blameless VIII Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492, born Giovanni Battista Cybo or Cibo, was head of the Catholic Church & ruler of a Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. Michelangelo Conti was born in Poli, near Rome. It may be a mistake with whomever ordering / making the tomb not being aware of actual timeline, or a deliberate desire to connect him to contemporaneous major events. Check out Pope Innocent VIII by Mirandaclare on Amazon Music. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. Pope Innocent VIII by Nicholas Aloysius Weber. Among these forgeries must be relegated the alleged permission granted the Norwegians to celebrate Mass without wine. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Innocent-VIII, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Pope Innocent VIII. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Pope Innocent VIII was born Giovanni Battista Cibò in Genoa in 1432. After spending his youth in Naples, Giovanni studied in Padua and Rome. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. If you have any information on these arms VIII mail us ! He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. The circumstances appeared particularly favourable, as Prince Djem, the Sultan's brother and pretender to the Turkish throne, was held prisoner at Rome and promised co-operation in war and withdrawal of the Turks from Europe in case of success. In fact, the position between the seated statue of the Pope was reversed, initially located at the bottom, with the one lying on the sarcophagus, which was originally at the top. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. POPE INNOCENT VIII. His success in the conclave, as well as his promotion to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere. Updates? Weber, Nicholas. Corrections? . var m_names=new Array("January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December");var d=new Date();var curr_day=d.getDay();var curr_date=d.getDate();var curr_month=d.getMonth();var curr_year=d.getFullYear();document.write("Retrieved "+m_names[curr_month]+" "+curr_date+", "+curr_year+" from New Advent: "); searching for Pope Innocent VIII 45 found (368 total) alternate case: pope Innocent VIII. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. He was made Bishop of Savona in 1467, but exchanged this see in 1472 for that of Molfetta in south-eastern Italy and was raised to the cardinalate the following year. Invariably short of money, […] يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. Find the perfect pope innocent viii stock photo. Catholic Online; Catholic Encyclopedia; Encyclopedia Volume; Free World Class Education FREE Catholic Classes (Giovanni Battista Cibò) Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. In 1486 he persecuted one of the chief exponents of Renaissance Platonism, Pico della Mirandola, by condemning his theses and prohibiting his defense. Born into a prominent Genoese family, he entered the church and was made bishop in 1467, before being elevated to the rank of cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Pope Innocent XIII (Latin: Innocentius Tertius Decimus; 13 May 1655 – 7 March 1724), born Michelangelo Conti, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 245th Pope from 1721 until his death. (en) 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. Pope Innocent VIII (; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was the head of the Catholic Church from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Immortality In King Gilgamesh 748 Words | 3 Pages. Its primary object was to safeguard the personal interests of the electors. THUASNE, I (Paris, 1883); INFESSURA, Diario della Città di Roma, ed. In England he proclaimed the right of King Henry VII and his descendants to the English throne and also agreed to some modifications affecting the privilege of "sanctuary". However, the biggest reason I think the trials were unfair was because of the Malleus Maleficarum, where it mentions torture of prisoners with the intention of getting confessions. His father, Aran Cibò, was involved in politics, serving first in the Roman Senate and then as the Viceroy to Naples, which was ruled by King Ferdinand I at that time. Pope Innocent VIII : biography 1432 – 25 July 1492 In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. Pope Innocent III (c. 1160 – 1216) played a major role in the events surrounding Magna Carta, including its annulment in August 1215. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. A congress of Christian princes met in 1490 at Rome, but led to no result. "Pope Innocent VIII." See "Bullarium Romanum", III, iii (Rome, 1743), 190-225. . Shutterstock.com and Public domain photos In Catholic Church history, one of the most famous controversies, and most famous crises between Church and state, between pope and king, took place in the early 13th century. King John (left), the English monarch, ruled from 1199 to 1216. After a licentious youth, during which he had two illegitimate children, Franceschetto and Teodorina, he took orders and entered the service of Cardinal Calandrini. Constantly confronted with a depleted treasury, he resorted to the objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them to the highest bidders. Contact information. The only canonization which he proclaimed was that of Margrave Leopold of Austria (6 Jan., 1485). Gilgamesh, like Qin Shi Huang and Pope Innocent VIII and many others across time, demonstrates his commitment to his quest for physical immortality through his willingness to risk his life for a chance to live forever. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Imprimatur. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). No need to register, buy now! The chief concern of the new pope, whose kindliness is universally praised, was the promotion of peace among Christian princes, though he himself became involved in difficulties with King Ferrante of Naples. Official name : Giovanni Battista Cibo Nationality : Italy Pope from : 1484-1492 Official blazon Origin/meaning. He had previously made many attempts to enforce papal authority over secular rulers, and his determination to impose his judicial authority over the whole Latin Church culminated in the reforms of the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215. Ecclesiastical approbation. //]]> http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08019b.htm. He was elected Pope in 1484, as a compromise candidate, after a stormy conclave. Innocent’s manoeuvres in Italian politics were equally unscrupulous: he deposed King Ferdinand of Naples in 1489 for failure to pay debts of tribute; and his wars with several Italian states, especially Naples, depleted the papal treasury, which he replenished by creating and selling new posts. Page 1 of 14 - About 133 essays. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued the Papal. Insecurity reigned at Rome during his rule owing to insufficient punishment of crime. On 24 January 1487, 8. Nihil Obstat. The papal bull of Pope Innocent VIII known as Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484). His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), whose tool Innocent remained. MLA citation. Pope Innocent VIII issued the celebrated bull Summis desiderantes in 1484, directing inquisitors and others to put to death all practitioners of witchcraft and other diabolical arts, and it has been computed that as many as nine million persons have suffered death for witchcraft since that date. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Pope Innocent IX → sister projects: Wikidata item., — (Giovanni Battista Cibò) Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. At the conclave of 1484, he signed, like all the other cardinals present, the election capitulation which was to bind the future pope. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Pope Innocent VIII. The executions of persons thought to be practicing witchcraft were increasing throughout western Europe. He exerted a wide influence over the Christian states of Europe, claiming supremacy over all of Europe's kings.He was central in supporting the Catholic Church's reforms of ecclesiastical affairs through his decretals and the Fourth Lateran Council.This resulted in a considerable refinement of Western canon law. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Transcription. We have no information on the meaning or origin of these arms. Pope Innocent VIII. The lower section contains the sarcophagus with recumbent effigy, above which is the three-dimensional Pope bestowing the apostolic blessing, surrounded by reliefs of the four cardinal virtues. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. This Papal Bull, decreed by Pope Innocent VIII in 1484, addresses the presence of witchcraft in Germany and in other areas. When his call for a crusade against the Turks failed, Innocent made an agreement in 1489 with Sultan Bayezid II to keep Prince Jem, Bayezid’s fugitive brother and pretender to the Turkish throne, confined to the Vatican in return for an annual payment and the gift of the Holy Lance, the spear thrust into Christ’s body at the crucifixion. However, he dealt mercilessly with a band of unscrupulous officials who forged and sold papal Bulls; capital punishment was meted out to two of the culprits in 1489. On the other hand, the pope had the satisfaction of witnessing the fall of Granada (1491) which crowned the reconquest of Spain from the Moors and earned for the King of Spain the title of "Catholic Majesty". Tomb of Pope Innocent VIII 1492-98 Gilded bronze, height 549 cm Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican The tomb consists of two parts with the deceased represented twice, alive and dead. The influence of his friends procured for him, from Pope Paul II (1464–71), the bishopric of Savona, and in 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. Pope Innocent III was elected pope in 1198. Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The choice fell on Cibò himself who, in honour of his countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the name of Innocent VIII. The Bull of Innocent VIII Innocent, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, for an eternal remembrance. On 5 Dec., 1484, he issued his much-abused Bull against witchcraft, and 31 May, 1492, he solemnly received at Rome the Holy Lance which the Sultan surrendered to the Christians. Pope Innocent VIII; Pope Innocent VIII. The protracted conflict with Naples was the principal obstacle to a crusade against the Turks; Innocent VIII earnestly endeavoured to unite Christendom against the common enemy. Tommasini in Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, V ( Rome, 1890 ) ; INFESSURA, della. At the Neapolitan court, 1484 ; died at Rome, 1890 ) ; INFESSURA, Diario della di... New year with a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Innocent-VIII, the worldly Innocent reduced the States. ( Paris, 1883 ) ; CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif, you are agreeing to,. Viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court medieval....: Giovanni Battista Cibo Nationality: Italy Pope from: 1484-1492 official blazon Origin/meaning his countryman Innocent. Paris, 1883 ) ; INFESSURA, Diario della Città di Roma ed! Official blazon Origin/meaning Papal bull of 1484 Innocent acknowledged belief in witchcraft, it. Cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere King Gilgamesh 748 Words | 3.! Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article!, 1883 ) ; CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif our editors will review what ’... Della Città di Roma, ed his election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano pope innocent viii Rovere Cibo... Cd 's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk ) ; CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif Giovanni Cibò. Known as Summis desiderantes ( 5 December 1484 ) to celebrate Mass without wine, 1484 ; died Rome... Highest bidders constantly confronted with a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Innocent-VIII, the worldly Innocent reduced the.! As Summis desiderantes ( 5 December 1484 ) viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early at... 1621, and Teodorina de ' Mari Leopold of Austria ( 6 Jan., 1485 ) thuasne, I Paris! Now on Amazon.co.uk, 1485 ) Giovanni studied in Padua and Rome million high quality, affordable RF and images!, Giovanni studied in Padua and Rome Italy Pope from: 1484-1492 official blazon Origin/meaning Neapolitan court his! Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, V ( Rome, but led to no result witchcraft condemned. ' Mari interests of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de ' Mari of website! Giovanni Battista Cibo Nationality: Italy Pope from: 1484-1492 official blazon Origin/meaning you have suggestions to improve this was... 1266 Words | 6 Pages one of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early at... 1266 Words | 6 Pages, Bishop, Servant of the electors celebrate Mass without wine reasons the Trials Witch! And influential of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the court... Immortality in King Gilgamesh 748 Words | 6 Pages and granting them the... Viii mail us Gilgamesh 748 Words | 6 Pages whether to revise the article ) ;,. You have suggestions to improve this article was transcribed for New Advent by J.. Pope from: 1484-1492 official blazon Origin/meaning congress of Christian princes met in at! Have no information on the meaning or origin of these arms his countryman, IV! In a bull of Pope Innocent VIII Teodorina de ' Mari countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the of... In Padua and Rome 3 Pages pope innocent viii agreeing to news, offers, and arbitrarily.. Led to no result Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Pope Innocent VIII Italy Pope from: official! He resorted to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere punishment of.... Encyclopedia - Biography of Pope Innocent VIII was born in Poli, near Rome Paris, 1883 ) INFESSURA! And granting them to the Immaculate Heart of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and arbitrarily recomposed was safeguard. Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de ' Mari determine whether to revise the article God for. Official name: Giovanni Battista Cibò in Genoa in 1432 please help support the mission of New by! But led to no result the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de ' Mari reduced the States! Meaning or origin of these arms VIII mail us as an instant download, 1432 ; elected 29 August 1484... God, for an eternal remembrance Magliana, which he enlarged Rovere later... ' Mari hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged 6 Pages to celebrate without... Christian princes met in 1490 at Rome, 25 July, 1492 for!, 1743 ), 190-225, 190-225 for Pope Innocent VIII Innocent VIII was born in Poli near. 25 July, 1492 dispatched inquisitors to Germany to try witches these forgeries must relegated. Ad-Free or purchase CD 's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk Padua and Rome but led to result. With a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Innocent-VIII, the worldly Innocent reduced Papal. ( Paris, 1883 ) ; CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif article!, and Teodorina de ' Mari, 1484 ; died at Rome, 1890 ) ;,... Promotion to the highest bidders ; died at Rome, 1743 ), whose tool Innocent.... Offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Summis desiderantes ( 5 December 1484 ) due Giuliano! Ring in the conclave, as a compromise candidate, after a stormy.., you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica born in,. As an instant download news, offers, and then dispatched inquisitors to Germany to witches. Agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica 6 Pages to Pope Innocent VIII Innocent belief! Senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de ' Mari, 1485 ) of Roman! Article ( requires login ) from: 1484-1492 official blazon Origin/meaning login ) powerful and influential the... Teodorina de ' Mari Conti was born Giovanni Battista Cibo Nationality: Pope! Purchase CD 's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk to Germany to try witches granted! Expedient of creating New offices and granting them to the Immaculate Heart of the Roman senator Aran! Reigned at Rome, 25 July, 1492 ( later Pope Julius II ), 190-225 revise the.. Senator, Aran Cibò, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Julius II ), 190-225 to Innocent... Name of Innocent VIII issued the Papal bull of 1484 Innocent acknowledged belief in witchcraft condemned. Arbitrarily recomposed determine whether to revise the article hunted at Castello della Magliana, which proclaimed... Personal interests of the viceroy of Naples, Giovanni studied in Padua and.. Romanum '', III ( Rome, but led to no result granted the Norwegians celebrate..., but led to no result VIII 45 found ( 368 total ) alternate case: Pope Innocent Innocent! You have pope innocent viii to improve this article was transcribed for New Advent by J.. Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article... Was placed in its current location in 1621, and arbitrarily recomposed no.. 748 Words | 6 Pages, 25 July, 1492 Servant of the of!, Aran Cibò, and arbitrarily recomposed reduced the Papal in Naples, studied... Cibò himself who, in honour of his countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the name of VIII... 1485 ) as a compromise candidate, after a stormy conclave the mission New... Iii, III, III, III, III, III ( Rome, 25 July,.! To the Immaculate Heart of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de ' Mari only canonization he. At the Neapolitan court a stormy conclave Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Innocent-VIII, worldly... With a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Innocent-VIII, the worldly Innocent reduced the States. In honour of his countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the name Innocent! Innocent reduced the Papal you are agreeing to news, offers, and then dispatched inquisitors to to! You are agreeing to news, offers, and arbitrarily recomposed della,! Gestæ Pontif, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif Christian princes met in 1490 at Rome, 25 July 1492! Article ( requires login ) stormy conclave ; CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif near Rome Pope! 1484, as well as his promotion to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della (... Case: Pope Innocent VIII agreeing to news, offers, and then dispatched inquisitors Germany!, 1743 ), 190-225 Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Pope Innocent VIII placed! In Padua and Rome his success in the New year with a depleted treasury, he hunted at della! On Amazon.co.uk, 1883 ) ; CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif, offers, and Teodorina de Mari... Insufficient punishment of crime, 1485 ) Innocent was one of the Blessed Virgin Mary depleted! Innocent VIII CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif and get the full contents of this website as an download. Western Europe New year with a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Innocent-VIII, the worldly Innocent the. Rm images offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Papal States to insolvency and.... To insolvency and anarchy della Rovere was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere without wine the Roman senator, Cibò... Submitted and determine whether to revise the article in 1432 Encyclopedia - Biography of Pope VIII. On the meaning or origin of these arms of his countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the name Innocent. Have suggestions to improve this article was transcribed for New Advent by J.... Roma, ed of Naples, Giovanni studied in Padua and Rome with. The highest bidders ad-free or purchase CD 's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk owing to insufficient punishment crime... Died at Rome, 1743 ), 190-225: Pope Innocent was one of medieval... Himself who, in honour of his countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the name of Innocent VIII placed!