Holocaust denial might be dismissed as the delirium of a crackpot fringe, but denial of responsibility for the war and for the Holocaust remains widespread in Europe and in the Christian churches. Pope Benedict, Francis’s predecessor, declared in 2009 that Pius XII had lived a life of “heroic” Christian virtue, a step towards possible sainthood. But categorising him as good or bad is not helpful – it’s about the decisions he took, and the space he had to make those decisions.”. In fact, Italian diplomatic correspondence indicates that the Italian ambassador to the Holy See favored Pacelli’s election and, together with the similarly inclined German ambassador, lobbied the cardinals on Pacelli’s behalf. The pope, as Sovereign of Vatican City, owns the material held in the archive until his death or resignation, with ownership passing to his successor. He was Hitler’s Pope.”. When looking at the secrets held within Vatican City, perhaps the most logical place to start is the Vatican Secret Archives. The name itself is evocative of mystery, and many theories have naturally arisen about what might be held among the 53 miles of shelves and 12 centuries' worth of documents only available to a select few. Various clerics and others were pressing him to speak out, and he declined to do so. He added that he was confident that “serious and objective historical research will allow the evaluation [of Pius] in the correct light,” including “appropriate criticism”. In reflecting today, too, on how hatred of the “other” is generated, the role that religion plays, whether in Christian, Muslim, Hindu, or Jewish societies, remains an uncomfortable but necessary question. He did neither. But in 2014, Francis said no miracle – a prerequisite for beatification, the final step to canonisation – had been identified. In 2012, Yad Vashem changed the wording on an exhibit on Pius XII’s papacy, from he “did not intervene” to he “did not publicly protest”. The question most often posed, regarding the pope’s silence during the Holocaust, is itself part of a larger issue: the pope’s reluctance to publicly condemn Nazi Germany. Pius XII—born Eugenio Pacelli—is reviled by some for his failure to speak out against the Holocaust. “If there are no miracles, it can’t go forward. Just the name of the vault invokes mystery of the Catholic Church. Last year, Francis said Pius XII had led the church during one of the “saddest and darkest periods of the 20th century”. He could have sent a private message to Hitler, pleading on their behalf. Many are lodged in various archives in Vatican City. Historians can now pore over secret files from the papacy of Pius XII, who has long faced accusations of being a Nazi sympathiser, Sun 1 Mar 2020 06.33 GMT “Vatican: Over Six Thousand Jews in Rome Were Saved Thanks to the Action of Pius XII” was a January 28 headline in Rome’s major daily paper, Il Messaggero. The archive will be opened on March 2. A huge throng of journalists from all over the world packed the Vatican press room on February 20 for a briefing. While it might sound like a stuff of a historical legend, the vault is absolutely real. “On the big question, it’s clear: Pius XII never publicly criticised the Nazis for the mass murder they were committing of the Jews of Europe – and he knew from the very beginning that mass murder was taking place. “The opening of the archives is decisive for the contemporary history of the church and the world,” said Cardinal José Tolentino Calaça de Mendonça, the Vatican’s archivist and librarian last week. Pope Francis announced on March 4, 2019 that the Vatican will open its secret archives on Pius XII. Public attention, naturally enough, is focused on the war years. A year after Pope Francis announced the move, saying “the church isn’t afraid of history”, the documents from Pius XII’s papacy, which began in 1939 on the brink of the second world war and ended in 1958, will be opened, initially to a small number of scholars. What secrets are in the Vatican Archives? Officially open on January 31, 1612, The Vatican claims that the “Secret Archives” is mistranslated and is better translated to “Personal Archives”. The archives are housed in a section of the Vatican Library, adjacent to the Vatican Museum, at the northern boundary of Vatican City. Pius XII was “the ideal pope for Hitler’s unspeakable plan. Shop for VATICAN SECRET ARCHIVES at EWTNRC.com and support the ongoing mission of Mother Angelica. Or call 800-854-6317. 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