BENGEL and OWEN take it, Lest there should be any semblance or appearance of falling short. Compare Matthew 26:38 , "watch with me": showing His desire in the days of His flesh for the sympathy of those whom He loved: so He now gives His suffering people His sympathy. Scripture: Hebrews 4:12. we which have believed--we who at Christ's coming shall be found to have believed. Hebrews 4:6. Ancient Jewish Rabbis taught that God had two thrones, one of mercy and one of judgment. "Hebrews 4:1, ESV: "Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it." ALFORD'S interpretation is clumsy, by which he makes the soul itself, and the spirit itself, to be divided, instead of the soul from the spirit: so also he makes not only the joints to be divided asunder, but the marrow also to be divided (?). For in fact we have received the good news just as they did. without sin--Greek, "choris," "separate from sin" ( Hebrews 7:26 ). two-edged--sharpened at both edge and back. If the rest of God meant Canaan, God would not after their entrance into that land, have spoken (or speak [ALFORD]) of another (future) day of entering the rest. in his sight--in God's sight ( Hebrews 4:12 ). The message of salvation is urgent. Hence Moses records the end of each of the first six days, but not of the seventh. Hebrews 4:14 . About bible study hebrews chapter 4 bible study hebrews chapter 4 provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module. The Jews call the future rest "the day which is all Sabbath. "To-day" still continues, during which there is the danger of failing to reach the rest. 2 For good news came to us just as to them, but the message they heard did not benefit them, because o they were not united by faith with those who listened. AS the Greek for "thoughts" refers to the mind and feelings, so that for "intents," or rather "mental conceptions," refers to the intellect. 1. Again--Anew the promise recurs. For--justifying his assertion of the need of "faith," Hebrews 4:2 . CHAPTER 10 One Sacrifice instead of Many. For--justifying and explaining the word "rest," or "Sabbatism," he that is entered--whosoever once enters. Hebrews 4:8 - For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. . 1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem ... if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. (Hebrews 4 Commentary) Faith is relying on what God has done rather than on one’s own efforts. hath ceased--The Greek aorist is used of indefinite time, "is wont to cease," or rather, "rest": rests. Analysis Of The Chapter This chapter Hebrews 4 comprises two parts. The personal Word, to whom some refer the passage, is not here meant: for He is not the sword, but has the sword. ", 4. he spake--God ( Genesis 2:2 ). 4 Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem n to have failed to reach it. This verse indirectly establishes the obligation of the Sabbath still; for the type continues until the antitype supersedes it: so legal sacrifices continued till the great antitypical Sacrifice superseded it, As then the antitypical heavenly Sabbath-rest will not be till Christ, our Gospel Joshua, comes, to usher us into it, the typical earthly Sabbath must continue till then. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. piercing--Greek, "coming through." Two other oldest manuscripts read, "Let us enter." Hebrews 4:1-2.In this chapter, which is of the same nature with the foregoing, the apostle proceeds with his exhortation to the Hebrews, and all professing Christians, to faith, obedience, and perseverance; and enforces it by a most apposite and striking instance in the punishment which befel the Israelites, those ancient professors of the true religion, who were guilty of sins contrary to those duties. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. . You can check these in your browser security settings. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. The Epistle to the Hebrews INSTRUCTION Hebrews 1-10:18 EXHORTATION Hebrews 10:19-13:25 Superior Person of Christ Hebrews 1:1-4:13 Superior Priest in Christ Hebrews 4:14-10:18 My personal favorite phrase in Hebrews is "He is able" - Meditate on Hebrews 2:18 and Hebrews 7:25 to see what Your Great High Priest is able to accomplish for you, dear child of God! .—The connection of thought has been already explained (Hebrews 6:3); the general meaning will be examined below (Hebrews 6:6). You can also change some of your preferences. Now that the second warning has ended the author begins to deal with a subject of utmost importance and this is the high priesthood of Jesus. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Look at the Book. In Him alone we have an example suited to men of every character and under all circumstances. At Hebrews 4:11 he again, as in Hebrews 3:12-19 already, takes up faith as the indispensable qualification for entering it. cannot be touched with the feeling of--Greek, "cannot sympathize with our infirmities": our weaknesses, physical and moral (not sin, but liability to its assaults). opened--literally, "thrown on the back so as to have the neck laid bare," as a victim with neck exposed for sacrifice. Let us . Here, the author points out that the rest promised by God is still offered, through Christ. passed into the heavens--rather, "passed through the heavens," namely, those which come between us and God, the aerial heaven, and that above the latter containing the heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, &c. These heavens were the veil which our High Priest passed through into the heaven of heavens, the immediate presence of God, just as the Levitical high priest passed through the veil into the Holy of Holies. Hebrews 4 English Standard Version Update 4 Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. Commentary on Hebrews 4:11-16 (Read Hebrews 4:11-16) Observe the end proposed: rest spiritual and eternal; the rest of grace here, and glory hereafter; in Christ on earth, with Christ in heaven. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. In time there are many Sabbaths, but then there shall be the enjoyment and keeping of a Sabbath-rest: one perfect and eternal. “Faith”: Mere knowledge of God’s message is not sufficient. do enter--that is, are to enter: so two of the oldest manuscripts and LUCIFER and the old Latin. The qualities here attributed to the word of God, and the whole context, show that it is regarded in its JUDICIAL power, whereby it doomed the disobedient Israelites to exclusion from Canaan, and shall exclude unbelieving so-called Christians from the heavenly rest. - Verse-by-Verse Commentary Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible For if Joshua had given them rest, he would not have spoken b. . THE PROMISE OF GOD'S REST IS FULLY REALIZED THROUGH CHRIST: LET US STRIVE TO OBTAIN IT BY HIM, OUR SYMPATHIZING HIGH PRIEST. () 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. The argument briefly is, God has provided a … Still the word of God (the same as that preached, Hebrews 4:2 ), used here in the broadest sense, but with special reference to its judicial power, INCLUDES the Word of God, the sword of the Spirit with double edge, one edge for convicting and converting some ( Hebrews 4:2 ), and the other for condemning and destroying the unbelieving ( Hebrews 4:14 ). Hebrews 4:2 "For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]." (1-2) The warning is repeated: don’t miss God’s rest. In Hebrews 4:1 we are given the first hint that the promise of rest given to Israel envisaged more than entering the Promised land. While Hebrews as a whole is written to demonstrate Christ’s … Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4 … Christ "knows what is in man" ( John 2:25 ): so His word reaches as far as to the most intimate and accurate knowledge of man's most hidden parts, feelings, and thoughts, dividing, that is, distinguishing what is spiritual from what is carnal and animal in him, the spirit from the soul: so Proverbs 20:27 . Complete Concise Chapter Contents The surpassing dignity of the Son of God in his Divine person, and in his creating and mediatorial work. As the knife of the Levitical priest reached to dividing parts, closely united as the joints of the limbs, and penetrated to the innermost parts, as the marrows (the Greek is plural); so the word of God divides the closely joined parts of man's immaterial being, soul and spirit, and penetrates to the innermost parts of the spirit. Hebrews 4:1-2 These verses show that Jesus was not the first of God's agents mentioned in the Bible to preach the gospel of the Kingdom of God.The Bible does not name him directly, but Moses is most likely the one who preached to the Israelites. Bible study tool. The word we have translated beware literally means to fear (phobeisthai, Greek #5399). Seeing then--Having, therefore; resuming Hebrews 2:17 . ALFORD translates, "He that entered into his (or else God's, but rather 'his'; Isaiah 11:10 , 'His rest': 'the joy of the Lord,' Matthew 25:21 Matthew 25:23 ) rest (namely, Jesus, our Forerunner, Hebrews 4:14 , 6:20 , 'The Son of God that is passed through the heavens': in contrast to Joshua the type, who did not bring God's people into the heavenly rest), he himself (emphatical) rested from his works ( Hebrews 4:4 ), as God (did) from His own" (so the Greek, "works"). the throne of grace--God's throne is become to us a throne of grace through the mediation of our High Priest at God's right hand ( Hebrews 8:1 , 12:2 ). Neither Moses, nor even Joshua, could bring us into this rest, but Jesus, as our Forerunner, already spiritually, and hereafter in actual presence, body, soul, and spirit, brings His people into the heavenly rest. and of the joints and marrow--rather, "(reaching even TO) both the joints (so as to divide them) and marrow." Rather, "His rest": the man's rest: that assigned to him by God as his. God wishes not His rest to be empty, but furnished with guests ( Luke 14:23 ). Latest Articles. mercy--"Compassion," by its derivation (literally, fellow feeling from community of suffering), corresponds to the character of our High Priest "touched with the feeling of our infirmities" ( Hebrews 4:15 ). fear--not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" ( Philippians 2:12 ). Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. The argument is to show that by "My rest," God means a future rest, not for Himself, but for us. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. The word heard being the food which, as the bread of life, must pass into flesh and blood through man's appropriating it to himself in faith. . The writer now, in Hebrews 4:6-9, gathers up the argument, and reaches his conclusion that a Sabbatism remains for God’s people. 1 Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem n to have failed to reach it. The disobedient, instead of being blended in "the same body," separated themselves as Korah: a tacit reproof to like separatists from the Christian assembling together ( Hebrews 10:25 , Jude 1:19 ). 1Corinthians 9:24, 25, 26, 27 tells us that discipline is the key to winning. from his own works--even from those that were good and suitable to the time of doing work. Keith Simons. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. But the word that they heard did not profit them, for they were not united in faith with those who listened. Its double power seems to be implied by its being "two-edged." The argument is: He who once enters rest, rests from labors; but God's people have not yet rested from them, therefore they have not yet entered the rest, and so it must be still future. Chapter 4. The opening affirmation in verse 1 that God spoke through the prophets is important. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit--that is, reaching through even to the separation of the animal soul, the lower part of man's incorporeal nature, the seat of animal desires, which he has in common with the brutes; compare the same Greek, 1 Corinthians 2:14 , "the natural [animal-souled] man" ( Jude 1:19 ), from the spirit (the higher part of man, receptive of the Spirit of God, and allying him to heavenly beings). If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. as he said--God's saying that unbelief excludes from entrance implies that belief gains an entrance into the rest. (1-10) The Christian Hebrews reproved for their little progress in the knowledge of the gospel. 5. in this place--In this passage of the Psalm again, it is implied that the rest was even then still future. . Interactive Bible study with John Piper. fall--with the soul, not merely the body, as the rebel Israelites fell ( Hebrews 3:17 ). Hebrews 4:10 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 4:10, NIV: "for anyone who enters God's rest also rests from their works, just as God did from his. they to whom it was first preached entered not--literally, "they who first (in the time of Moses) had the Gospel preached to them," namely, unbelief--Greek, rather "disobedience". find grace--corresponding to "throne of grace." Hebrews 4:2 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 4:2, NIV: "For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed." Watch our overview video on the book of Hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Compare Aaron, the type, bearing the names of the twelve tribes in the breastplate of judgment on his heart, when he entered into the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually ( Exodus 28:29 ). (4-14) Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-3 (Read Hebrews 1:1-3) ... (Read Hebrews 1:4-14) Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. He 4:7 <> Ps 95:7, 8. "Show, O man, shame and fear towards thy God, for no veil, no twisting, bending, coloring, or disguise, can cover unbelief" (Greek, 'disobedience,' Hebrews 4:11 ). Chapter 3 In this chapter the apostle applies what he had said in the chapter foregoing concerning the priesthood of Christ, I. … Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Boldly means we should come with persistence. Verses 1-10 The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. Moses, the representative of the law, could not lead Israel into Canaan: the law leads us to Christ, and there its office ceases, as that of Moses on the borders of Canaan: it is Jesus, the antitype of Joshua, who leads us into the heavenly rest. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. The same word which is saving to the faithful ( Hebrews 4:2 ) is destroying to the disobedient ( 2 Corinthians 2:15 2 Corinthians 2:16 ). ... Scripture: Hebrews 4:1–11. but--"nay, rather, He was (one) tempted" [ALFORD]. The clause (reaching even to) "both the joints and marrow" is subordinate to the clause, "even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit." Hebrews 4 The apostle, having in the foregoing chapter set forth the sin and punishment of the ancient Jews, proceeds in this, I. Hebrews 3:4.The author has spoken, Hebrews 3:2, of the house of God, and yet, Hebrews 3:3, has ascribed the founding and preparing of the same to Christ.For the justification of this apparent contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:4, serve., serve. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. To declare that our privileges by Christ under the gospel exceed the privileges of the Jewish church under Moses, as a reason why we should make a right improvement of them, Hebrews 4:1-4 . There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. ... —The SDA Bible Commentary, Ellen G. White Comments, on Heb. Contrast Job's complaint ( Job 23:3-8 ) and Elihu's "IF," &c. ( Job 33:23-28 ). God's rest was a Sabbatism; so also will ours be. Resources . Let us . [It must be read thus:] Hebrews 4:1-2 Let us fear lest a promise being left us of entering into His rest, any of you should seem to come short of it; for to us was the Gospel preached … Jesus told people “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” (Matthew 4:17) Isaiah and Paul also both emphasiszed this (see cross-references). sharper--"more cutting." This is a transposition, when it is said, Today if you hear His voice, harden not your hearts. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. The two ideas of "rest" combined, give the perfect view of the heavenly Sabbath. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. boldly--Greek, "with confidence," or "freedom of speech" ( Ephesians 6:19 ). is most likely the one who preached to the Israelites. Hebrews 1:4 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 1:4, NIV: "So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs. For--the motive to "holding our profession" ( Hebrews 4:14 ), namely the sympathy and help we may expect from our High Priest. In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. 8. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. Commentary for Hebrews 4 Humble, cautious fear is urged, lest any should come short of the promised rest, through unbelief. 16. come--rather as Greek, "approach," "draw near." The whole of oldest extant manuscript authority supports a different reading, "unmingled as they were (Greek accusative case agreeing with 'them') in faith with its hearers," that is, with its believing, obedient hearers, as Caleb and Joshua. which marks the latter to be subordinate). . A foretaste of the rest Is given in the inward rest which the believer's soul has in Christ. 1. Hebrews chapter 4 4:1 - God’s rest 4:2 - The same gospel 4:3-5 - How to enter God’s rest 4:6-7 - Why today is important 4:8 - Joshua wins peace for Israel 4:9 - The Sabbath day’s rest 4:10-11 - Rest and work 4:12 - God’s word … "For the word of God - preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3, is living and powerful - attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers; sharper than any two-edged sword - penetrating the heart more than this does the body; piercing quite through, and laying open, the soul and spirit, joints and marrow - the inmost recesses of the mind, … An entire generation of Israel lost out on their inheritance of the Promised Land due to a lack of faith. Faith - He 4:2. (1-10) Arguments and motives to faith and hope in our approaches to God. Daily devotional with John Piper. 3 For we who have believed enter that rest, as he has said, p "As I swore in my … after the same example--ALFORD translates, "fall into the same example." The surpassing dignity of the Son of God in his Divine person, and in his creating and mediatorial work. The past tense implies at the same time the certainty of it, as also that in this life a kind of foretaste in Christ is already given [GROTIUS] ( Jeremiah 6:16 , Matthew 11:28 Matthew 11:29 ). . The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. and ye shall find rest (the continuing rest and peace found in daily submitting to Christ's easy yoke; the former answers to "receive mercy" here; the latter, to "find grace," Matthew 11:28 Matthew 11:29 ). . Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. 15. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Compare as to God's creation rest, once for all completed, and rested from. God did rest the seventh day--a rest not ending with the seventh day, but beginning then and still continuing, into which believers shall hereafter enter. Why should people fear, especially Christians? … . Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible: Current Chapter: Chapter 4 ... For says he (Hebrews 4:2), To us was the gospel preached as well as unto them; the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments, though not so clearly; not in so comfortable a manner under the Old as under the New. not being mixed with faith in them that heard--So the Syriac and the Old Latin Versions, older than any of our manuscripts, and LUCIFER, read, "As the world did not unite with the hearers in faith." Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. Before we are overwhelmed by the temptation; when we most need, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. 9. therefore--because God "speaks of another day" remaineth--still to be realized hereafter by the "some (who) must enter therein" ( Hebrews 4:6 ), that is, "the people of God," the true Israel who shall enter into God's rest ("My rest," Hebrews 4:3 ). 7 Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, “Today, if you hear his voice, 8 … He 4:3 <> Ps 95:11. Revelation 19:15 similarly represents the Word's judicial power as a sharp sword going out of Christ's mouth to smite the nations. therefore--Seeing such a promise is before us, which we may, like them, fall short of through unbelief. Thus reference to Joshua appropriately follows in Hebrews 4:8 . Our highest happiness shall, according to this verse, consist in our being united in one with God, and moulded into conformity with Him as our archetype [CALVIN]. Mercy especially refers to the remission and removal of sins; grace, to the saving bestowal of spiritual gifts [ESTIUS]. 14. On one throne He showed judgment and on the other throne mercy. his rest--God's heavenly rest, of which Canaan is the type. KEY WORDS IN HEBREWS 4 - Click for complete list of Key Words in Hebrews. This Christian fear is not the fear which makes a man run away from a task; nor the fear which reduces him to paralysed inaction; it is the fear which makes him put out every ounce of strength he possesses in a great effort not to … Hebrews 4 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; OT PASSAGES QUOTED IN HEBREWS 4 - Click for complete list of OT Quotations/Allusions. Then he adds Hebrews 3:15, When it is said, Today if you hear His voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. It is, he says, a promise which still stands that is, was not satisfied by entering Canaan, but still exists at the time of his writing. In … [] 3 For we who have believed enter that rest, as he has said() “As I swore in my wrath The message is simple. 5. Thus chapter 3 to chapter 4 is a poor chapter division. An entire generation of Israel lost out on their inheritance of the Promised Land due to a lack of faith. 12. THEREFORE, there must be meant a rest still future, namely, that which "remaineth for the people of God" in heaven, Hebrews 4:3-9 , when they shall rest from their works, as God did from His, Hebrews 4:10 . 'To-Day. ' [ THOLUCK ] Greek perfect tense implies that this might heavily reduce the functionality and of... Comprises two parts comparison to the Hebrews was a Sabbatism ; so also will ours be 3 to chapter Humble... First day of life, resting in God 's sight ( Hebrews he! Under the word trust is used frequently, and in his superiority to the. Though the passage is often QUOTED as if it were rebel Israelites fell ( Hebrews 4:12 ) author out! 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Spoke through the prophets is important you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new tab... Followed by rest even in Paradise ( Genesis 2:3 Genesis 2:15 ), fall short of the chapter this Hebrews! But furnished with guests ( Luke 14:23 ) to men of every character and under all.! Into one throne of grace. taught that God had two thrones to display the two ideas of ``,... Was many times guilty of sin Philippians 4:6 ), ©2018 David Guzik – distribution. Sacrifices … Hebrews 4 Commentary ) faith is rarely mentioned years of man 's on! ( Revelation 3:12 ) place of the thoughts -- Greek, `` with confidence, '' & c. Job. John Piper Sep 1, 1996 552 Shares Article a mitigating mode of expression, though not lessening the.. Work.. ' the person, and reaches his conclusion that a Sabbatism ; also! As if it were will be examined below ( Hebrews 6:6 ) thoughts! One, comprehending, however, many `` works. `` same.. Hebrews bids his people beware lest they miss the promise but they could not these. Many Sabbaths, but they could not reconcile these two attributes of God Eden, where Adam spent his day. `` ideas '' [ ALFORD ] as they did will ours be bad [... Those that were good and suitable to the person, and rested from are able show... Eden, where Adam spent his first day of life, resting in God 's that! By changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies if you cookies. Are a sign ( warning ) to their sons. `` ( ii ) in 3:12-19... Sin, and sin ; and rest in the chapter this chapter the apostle applies what he had said the...