http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.879.7480&rep=re…. In the male flowers, which are numerous, the stamens are sixteen in number and arranged in pairs; the female flowers are solitary, with traces of stamens, and a smooth o… It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Diospyros virginiana (American Persimmon) - Persimmon is definitely one of our more common trees in Georgia. The persimmon trees display a pattern made up of blocks with vertical ridges tan run down the trunk. Edible. Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) Paul Nelson. Because the plant is dioecious, the male trees have different flowers than the female trees. Fruit (berry) globose, 2.5-5 cm, blue-green when young and yellowish to pale orange at maturity, subtended by 4 persistent calyx lobes, edible. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The roots are thick, fleshy and stoloniferous. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Diospyros Virginiana from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: an elegant tree with rugged bark and good autumn colour. The leaves are simple and often confused with those of Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica). They can grow anywhere from 3 to 7 inches. Common Persimmon - Diospyros virginiana Ebony Family (Ebenaceae) Persimmon is native throughout Kentucky in dry woodland settings. The only other native persimmon of North America is called Texas persimmon (Diospyros texana), and it occurs in Texas and northeastern Mexico. The wood from old trees is very hard and has been used to make golf clubs. common persimmon Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana L. symbol: DIVI5 Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to oval, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, pinnately-veined, margin entire, lustrous green above and paler or whitened below. The branching of persimmon leaves is alternate. Bark is grey or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the valleys between the blocks. Fall color can be a spectacular red in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8a. Chief among the fruit-producing members are the persimmons. Diospyros virginiana L. Plant Symbol = DIVI5 Contributed By: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program Alternate Names Eastern persimmon, possumwood, American ebony, white ebony, bara-bara, boa-wood, butterwood Uses Common persimmon is sometimes used as an ornamental for its hardiness, adaptability to a wide CROP DESCRIPTION: The American persimmon is a semi-wild fruit that is indigenous to eastern North America, with its native range extending from Florida to Connecticut. Several cultivars. Diospyros virginiana Figure 1. There are too many multiple trunks to accurately measure the DBH, so this is just an estimate. The fruit is produces is juice and pinkish-orange and can be very sweet if eaten when overripe (Rick 2018). A small tree with alternate, simple leaves having pale green undersides. Specfically, they prefer moist but well-drained soil, but they can also be found in sandy, less fertile soil as they can living in a variety of pHs (UConn 2018). https://www.britannica.com/plant/persimmon. Dioecious --male and female trees --- although both sexes sometimes present on the same tree, white to … Diospyros virginiana, American Persimmon, Common Persimmon, Simmon. These periods are reversed in the Northern Hemisphere. The fruit is produces is juice and pinkish-orange and can be very sweet if eaten when overripe (Rick 2018). https://thefruitnut.com/american-persimmon/. Patrick Breen, Common Persimmons (early July 2020) ... None of the Persimmons did particularly well during the scorching month of August 2019 and most of the leaves fell off. American Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) American persimmons ripen in the fall and dangle from the branches like ornaments long after leaf drop. Dioecious --male and female trees --- although both sexes sometimes present on the same tree, white to greenish-white, blueberry-shaped flower, fragrant. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. You probably will not find it in great numbers, like Oaks (Quercus), Ashes (Fraxinus) and Sweetgum (Liquidambar), but as an occasional tree. platycarpa Sarg. Often with tiny leaves … Diospyros virginiana is a medium-sized deciduous tree that will greatly vary in size depending on the environment. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The male flowers are white-green and grow in clusters, whereas the female trees form solitary flowers that are a bit more yellow (UVM 2018). long (15 cm). Leaves alternate, simple, 5-13 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, oval to elliptic, rounded at base, entire or irregularly serrate, glossy dark green above and paler below. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from October to November. It is native from Connecticut to … Salem, Oregon: east of the Bush House in Bush Pasture Park, male tree. virginiana : Classification. Deciduous - alternate leaves 10-15cm (4-6in) long, narrowing at the base. Diospyros virginiana is used for its fruit and wood. Diospyros Species: virginiana Family: Ebenaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The inner bark and unripe fruit has been used in the treatment of fevers, diarrhea, and hemorrhage, indelible ink made from fruit, flowers used for honey. As such the fruit should not be picked until it is ripe, plump, and soft to the touch (Rick 2018). For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Common Persimmon Diospyros virginiana. (Diospyros virginiana) The genus name for the American Persimmon means "Fruit of the Gods". Family: Ebenaceae (ebonies) Description: Persimmon is a medium-sized tree, varying in size and shape with growing conditions. The fruit was used for food and medicinal purposes by Native Americans. The top of the leaves is glossy and the bottom of the leaves is softer and more leathery. 1). Common Persimmon1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION An excellent small to medium tree, Common Persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly-shaped native tree, for possible naturalizing in yards or parks (Fig. They do require, however, lots of sun (UConn 2018). Persimmon tree wood has a limited use in the manufacture of objects requiring hard wood, wooden flutes and wooden spoons to name a few. When ripe, these fruits are very sweet. American Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Ebony family (Ebenaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is typically 30-70' tall, consisting of an erect trunk about 1-2' across and an oblongoid to ovoid crown. Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ebenales>Ebenaceae>Diospyros virginiana L. Persimmon is a common and widespread medium-sized tree in North Carolina. The fruits are considered juicy berries, have flattened seeds, grow in clusters, and have an enlarge calyx (Encyclopedia Britannica). Diospyros virginiana. , and presidents, like George Washington and Thomas Jefferson (Rick 2018). If the leaves are glossy, turn red or have a few remote teeth, they're Blackgum, not Persimmon. ... Leaves: Leaves are alternate, simple, oval, glossy, up to 6" long x 2" across, with smooth margins and pointed tip. The bark can sometimes be infected with gummosis fungi and flatheads eat the inner bark and can damage limbs. Its mature height can be 60 feet, with branches sp… The bark forms distinct rectangles, which a distinct feature of the tree. Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, American Ebony, White Ebony, Bara-bara, Boa-wood, Butterwood, Possum Apples, Sugar-plum. Persimmon Common - Diospyros virginiana; Fig. https://www.tytyga.com/History-of-Persimmon-Trees-a/374.htm. The American persimmon has a Japanese relative and likely came to the Americas early on in evolution or through the Bering strait. Privacy policy. This species has a shrubby growth form. Diospyros virginiana L. Persimmon. It usually grows to a mature height between 30' and 50', but might remain shrub-like and 15' tall in poor dry soil, or grow up to 100' in fertile moist soil. ... Notes: Leaves turn yellow to red fall color, uses are park tree, its fruit and to attract wildlife. Its form is oval or rounded and symmetrical. 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