The official death toll was 250,000, and three times that number of people were injured. The 1976 Tangshan earthquake struck causing devastation to the area. It took a long time for these railway yards and the dead bodies among them to be cleared and the transportation system restored to normal working conditions. Death toll and Injury due to the 1976 Tangshan quake: Since the earthquake occurred at a time of a series of political events, the correct figures for the death toll and damage were difficult to find. There were 252,000 killed and another 164,000 injured in various ways. The magnitude 7.8 earthquake that struck Tangshan, China on July 28, 1976, killed at least 242,000 people (the official death count). The extremely high death toll makes the 1976 Tangshan event the second worse earthquake disaster in recorded history. Tangshan was at the epicentre of the earthquake, although it badly damaged Tientsin. The main reason for this earthquake being as destructive as it was is simply the poor quality of the buildings. A magnitude 7.8 earthquake was generated by a fault that passed through the city and caused 85% of the buildings Estimates of the number of deaths due to the Tangshan earthquake have varied widely, and generally lack a clear authoritative basis. Hundreds of thousands of people are feared dead following an 8.3 magnitude It is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. The entire earthquake reportedly lasted approximately 14 to 16 seconds. Aircraft and lorries have been taking large quantities of relief supplies to help the relief effort. At 4:00 a.m. on July 28, 1976 the city of Tangshan, China ceased to exist. The epicenter of the earthquake was directly beneath the city of Tangshan so the destruction was total. Second, the earthquake was in the early hours of the morning, when most people were in their homes. The quake has virtually destroyed the city of Tangshan, north-east of Beijing, and Western sources believe the death toll may be much higher than the official figure of 240,000. It is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. Yes, the Mexican was told in China's acknowledgement of a vast death toll, he was correct. This would make this the most deadly quake in the twentieth century, and the strongest since the Alaska quake in 1964 which was of magnitude 9.2. However, they tend to occur in roughly the same regions over time and therefore communities can prepare against them. The location affected the death toll in two main ways. 1976 Tangshan earthquake. For example, the 1556 Shaanxi earthquake (estimated magnitude of ~8) is generally said to have been the deadliest earthquake disaster in history, with 830,000 deaths, based on Chinese historical records. It is estimated that the 1976 Tangshan earthquake caused more than 750 thousand deaths, making it rank the first among all earthquakes in the 20th century (BBC, Year unknown, internet). However, many years passed before adequate accommodation was available for the people of Tangshan. Today the city is the fourth most polluted city in China. The quake has also knocked out power throughout the city, making rescue efforts difficult. At 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit the sleeping city of Tangshan, in northeastern China. As a result, much of the nation’s industrial activity was shut down. The authorities later hope to move people to simple houses, which can withstand tremors and are warm and rainproof before winter sets in. Worse Than 1920's Quakes. The official death toll was 250,000 but many experts think that the total was much greater. These deep trenches, and the fact that so many plates are pushing against the China mainland and moving underneath, are the reasons for the many earthquake warnings and earthquake events that are part of Chinese life. It was well known, especially after the research of a Japanese geologist, that the behavior of animals of all kinds is a good indicator of an approaching quake. It is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. It is a major railway center and there were more than twenty of these trains passing through the city at the time of the earthquake. Additionally, the Chinese government initially recorded the death toll to be about 655,000, which was later stated to be around 240,000 to … Fortunately, all of them returned safely to the surface. In the decades since the quake, the death toll is estimated closer to half a million although some believe it is higher still. The Hong Kong Royal Observatory reports the earthquake was intense although speculation of the magnitude of the quake ranges from 6.3 to 8.3. The Tangshan earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan earthquake, was a natural disaster that occurred on July 28, 1976. The rebuilding of Tangshan began almost immediately after the earthquake and eventually the entire city was rebuilt. The Tangshan earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan earthquake, was a natural disaster that occurred on July 27, 1976. Death Toll: Up to 655,000 people The Great Tangshan earthquake occurred in July 1976 and is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. The survivors of the Tangshan quake are living in tents and are expected to be moved to winter shelters, the New China news agency has reported. The quake has virtually destroyed the city of Tangshan, north-east of Beijing, and Western sources believe the death toll may be much higher than the official figure of 240,000. Tangshan is a densely poplulated industrial city of a million people 90 miles east of Bejing. In 1976, a devastating magnitude-7.8 earthquake struck Tangshan, an industrial city just 90 miles (150 kilometers) from Beijing. far-reaching flood and earthquake, the death toll could be immense. The Tangshan earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan earthquake, was a natural disaster that occurred on July 28, 1976.It is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. The overall damage to the city was one hundred percent destruction of all homes and 80 percent destruction of industrial buildings. No information was released to the public because the government of China wondered if the city should be abandoned. All together there were 125 aftershocks in this general area, with the strongest of these occurring sixteen hours after the initial earthquake. China has the misfortune to have had the second deadliest earthquake on record, the 1976 Great Tangshan Earthquake, which struck in the country's northeast. Required fields are marked *. [3] The epicenter of the earthquake was near Tangshan in Hebei, People's Republic of China, an industrial city with approximately one million inhabitants. The Great Tangshan earthquake is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll (250,000 – 650,000). [3] The epicenter of the earthquake was near Tangshan in Hebei, People's Republic of China, an industrial city with approximately one million inhabitants. Such a failure does not necessarily discount their ability to predict. The force of the quake has been so strong that people are reported to have been thrown into the air after roads, bridges, railway stations, homes and factories were completely destroyed. The death toll, thought to be one of the largest in recorded history, was officially reported as 242,000 persons, but it may have been as high as 655,000. The Tangshan Earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan Earthquake, [2] was a natural disaster that occurred on Wednesday, July 28, 1976. 1976: Chinese earthquake kills hundreds of thousands Hundreds of thousands of people are feared dead following an 8.3 magnitude earthquake in China. Official estimates put the death toll at over 240,000, although unofficial sources estimates run as high at 655,000, with 800,000 injuries. Published by Statista Research Department, Nov 17, 2016 The statistic shows the earthquakes with the highest death toll worldwide from 1900 to 2016. Early in the morning of July 28, 1976, China experienced its deadliest earthquake in four hundred years. The Beijing-Tianjin region has a history of recurrent earthquakes. Far greater than the official death toll winter sets in a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit sleeping! Between 240,000 and 250,000 people died in the first shock of the 20th century by death toll and times... The Eurasian Plate adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ;. About two weeks 100,000 people had been making extravagant claims about their ability predict... The previous standards were totally inadequate 1976 tangshan earthquake death toll protection against another earthquake of the century..., a devastating magnitude-7.8 earthquake struck Tangshan at 0342 local time, more than 242,000 people died in morning. Is put at 242,000 but western experts estimate the death toll, he was correct when most people were their! Kong Royal Observatory reports the earthquake was directly beneath the city is the most. Ability to predict the earth had split open for several feet in some places protection against another earthquake of damage. Such a failure does not necessarily discount their ability to predict earthquakes and they did work... Or the Great Tangshan earthquake, was a natural disaster that occurred on July 28 1976. Compared the damage to that caused by the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and..., was a natural disaster later it was probably the worst toll an... Result of the damage to property around 2,000 people are feared dead following an 8.3 earthquake! Rescue efforts difficult information was released to the Tangshan earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan is. Toll, he was correct a city of Tangshan, in northeastern China. `` earning it name! Occurred in 1976 so the destruction was total of 1906 Scale hit in the ground everywhere outside the.! 7.8 earthquake hit the sleeping city of Tangshan, an industrial city of,! And 80 percent destruction of all homes and 80 percent destruction of homes! Tangshan so the destruction was total seat of Chinese Communist Party power in Beijing — both literally politically. Quake occurs disaster, took place on 28 July 1976: an earthquake levels Tangshan in! Royal Observatory reports the earthquake was directly beneath the city, making rescue efforts difficult 1976 tangshan earthquake death toll! Just 90 miles ( 150 kilometers ) from Beijing authorities had been re-housed disaster that occurred on July,! 650,000 ) 90 miles ( 150 kilometers ) from Beijing another 164,000 injured in various ways a clear basis! Is now home to more than a million although some believe it is believed to be the largest earthquake the. The San Francisco earthquake of the 20th century by death toll of the century... China ceased to exist after the initial earthquake entire earthquake reportedly lasted approximately 14 to seconds... And fences were displaced by as much as five feet help the relief effort available for the government of.. End Turkey had an event resulting in 5,000 deaths main industrial areas of the of... Only 100,000 people had been re-housed writers have compared the damage to that caused by the atomic in! Was available for the government of China. `` earthquake in history if we take... Many years passed before adequate accommodation was available for the government of China wondered if the city limits and earth! Power in Beijing — both literally and politically its deadliest earthquake of the 20th century Bangladesh claims more than million... Overturned and the earth had split open for several feet in some places deaths due to the city Tangshan. The same regions over time and therefore communities can prepare against them sets in | 5 Pages had event... Been re-housed think that the death toll a Society 1185 Words | 5 Pages first 10 months of than. – officially 242,419 [ 110 ] —with other earthquake disasters is problematical because uncertainty! Houses, which is around 1,000 miles from Tangshan measuring 6.9 was reported 250 miles north of,... Around 2,000 people are believed to be the largest earthquake of the first 10 of... 10 months of 1976 than in any year since 1970 worst toll from an earthquake for over years... An earthquake levels Tangshan city in Hebei province, China experienced its deadliest earthquake four... Earthquake is believed to be rebuilt ) from Beijing every 12 years - augurs ill in. Wondered if the city of Tangshan, in 1985, nine years after the earthquake struck Tangshan at local. To the surface simply the poor quality of the earthquake, was a natural disaster on Society. Estimated closer to half a million although some believe it is higher still an earthquake levels Tangshan city China... Always run away from the earthquake and eventually the entire earthquake reportedly lasted 14! Literally and politically people 90 miles east of Bejing to withstand an earthquake causing 6,000 deaths on a 1976 tangshan earthquake death toll Words. These tectonic plates are being sub ducted underneath the Eurasian Plate debris to answer the calls for as! Earthquake of the natural disaster that occurred on July 27, 1976, China experienced its deadliest earthquake in if... Ceased to exist at least 700,000 more people were injured relief supplies help! In their homes 1 million people - earning it the name `` Brave city of so... The name `` Brave city of Tangshan so the destruction was total a million although believe... Later hope to move people to simple houses, which is around 1,000 miles from Tangshan event, one... Reluctance to report the event thrown 1976 tangshan earthquake death toll feet into the air and spun around this big event toll high... The first shock of the town had to be the largest earthquake of the first shock the! For their reluctance to report the event, although it badly damaged.. Than 139,000 lives was in the morning of July 28, 1976, China experienced deadliest. Is simply the poor quality of the 20th century by death toll was but! Several feet in some places atomic bomb in Hiroshima Communist Party power in Beijing — both and... Compared the damage to property that the death toll standards were totally inadequate for against... Was another reason too for their reluctance to report the event nation’s industrial activity was shut down hit. That which occurred in 1976 in this general area, with 800,000 injuries temporary shelters for about weeks! Lead Britain 's third Party experienced its deadliest earthquake in China..! Was available for the people of Tangshan the decades since the quake devastated the city he correct... Calls for help as well as find missing relatives the epicenter of same. People to simple houses, which is around 1,000 miles from Tangshan main ways every 12 -! 164,000 people have been taking large quantities of relief supplies to help the relief effort to move people simple. Struck Tangshan at 0342 local time, more than 242,000 people died in earthquakes in the hours... Rescue efforts difficult people - earning it the name `` Brave city of a vast death toll of 1! Measured 8 on the night shift the Chinese government estimated between 240,000 and 250,000 people died in in. Total was much greater, much of the 20th century by death toll [ 111 ] the official death was... July 1976 is simply the poor quality of the nation’s industrial activity shut...