479.1. Full Shade. Vermeulen / Johnston PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective Reading excerpt PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective (6) Studies Common Names Showy Plane, Mickey-mouse plant, Wild Plane (english) Pronkrooihout (afrikaans) Mbovu (zulu) Isibomvu (xhosa) Taxonomy. (2) The simple Leaves are alternately arranged and usually hairless. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata) is named not for the leaves or blooms, but for the black berries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Parts used Roots, branches, leaves. Usually planted as a specimen or accent. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. It comes from the east of South Africa, and is a good"bird" shrub. Mickey mouse bush Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. Identify Plants. - Native to South Africa. Full Shade. Kostel. Uses Folkloric - Decoction of roots, branches and leaves used for wound healing. Ochna natalitia (Natal Plane) lincedza, sifubasenkhala, umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. long (7 cm). This plant has no fragrance . Also known as. (6) Roots medicinal for sterility. Propagate from seed or cuttings. OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. Slow, spreading, evergreen shrub; Grows to 4-8' high and wide; Partial shade; Moderate water; Blooms in early summer followed by black fruits; Prefers slightly acidic soil; Interesting accent, use in container or small espalier ; Growth Rate: Slow. Ochna or Mickey Mouse plant Ochna serrulata Invasive plant. 8a-11b. Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). Flowering. Uses OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. Uses Folkloric – No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. The bark may be rough or smooth and may flake. By early summer, the shrub appears to be covered with red flowers instead of red sepals (collectively red calyx). (8) Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) The taller specimens are generally found near river banks, whilst small shrubs are more common near seashores The tender and succulent leaves and stems of ebolo are mucilaginous and are used as a vegetable in soups and stews, especially in West and Central Africa[ |Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants / Dr. Monica Ndoile bird's eye bush, bird's-eye bush, carnival bush, ochna, Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse bush, small-leaved plane Members of this family are characterised by the presence of flavonoids, biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites. Several species, including Ochna serrulata, are cultivated in Hawai'I for their colorful flowers and unusual fruits. African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). • Biflavonoids: Phytochemical investigation yielded a number of new biflavonoids. Discover. Ochna is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae.These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. Ochna natalitia was the least toxic against all the cell lines, followed by Ochna gamostigmata, Ochna pretoriensis, Ochna pulchra and lastly Ochna serrulata. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 (shrubs are frost tender) where they may be grown in full sun to part shade. Ochna serrulata / A Database of Indigenous South African Flora / Kumbula Indigenous Nursery The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. (5) Ochna integerrima is a deciduous shrub or tree that can grow up to 12 metres tall. An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. Constituents The regular, bisexual Flowers may be fragrant and may be s… Root decoction for children with bone disease. Bloom Description: Flowers are yellow and calyx is red. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. Min. Walp / Monica M. Ndoile and Fanie R. Van Heerden / International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry, 2018; 16(4): pp 1-9, Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants, Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds, Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata, Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Group: Dicot: Family: Ochnaceae: Genus: Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Ochna serrulata Walp. - (9) The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:20pm. Description. This family of plants has been used as food and for medicinal purposes for many centuries. autumn. Ocimum americanum var. General information about Ochna serrulata (OCNSE) Name Language; bird's eye bush: English: carnival bush: English: carnival ochna: English the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. Parts utilized Renicarpus – O. sect. Fleshy, one-seeded, 1/4” diameter, pear-shaped, green fruitlets (5-6 develop per calyx) mature to black by late summer at which point the calyx and fruitlets in some cases purportedly begin to resemble the face of Mickey Mouse (fruits resemble mouse ears), hence the sometimes used common name of Mickey Mouse plant. Where is this species invasive in the US. Medicinal: Used to treat infections and gangrenous rectitis in traditional … Gen info Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. Jan 24, 2017 - Explore TreeWorld Wholesale's board "Ochna Serrulata - Mickey Mouse tree", followed by 288 people on Pinterest. MICKEY MOUSE PLANT. USDA zone-12°C. Ochna serrulata is host to the larva of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in Gauteng. (4) On Maui, Ochna species are commonly seen in gardens as specimen plants or as hedges in residential and urban areas." Medicinal Rice P5H Formulations for Ochna Excess: Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Movies Preview Medicinal uses: Family specific links: Ochnaceae in Southern Africa. The extracts were almost equally toxic to all three cell lines with LC 50 values ranging from 0.026 to 0.099 mg/ml. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. Also known as. Max. ... Pharmacognostic studies on the trunk bark of Ochna lanceolata. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. #PolliNationSA. Ochna serrulata Walp. (see study below) (9). The word Ochna was derived from the Greek word Ochne for the wild pear. Vernacular names Thanks for visiting Plantbook. This lovely Ochna serrulata is one of our indigenous shrubs It's early spring foliage is beautiful--pinkish bronze,turning to glossy green later. it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. Previous Names: Ochnaatropurpurea. • Antimalarial Biflavonoids / Roots: Study of pulverized roots yielded three new bioflavonoids along with six known compounds. The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. BRAZIL: Jurubeba-do-para, Peito-de-moca. Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. OCHNA serrulata. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Accessed: 15 August 2019. 2m. – Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. Common names Mickey Mouse plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-leaved Plane in language. 2003. Stem and root bark methanol crude extracts showed high activity against Gram-positive bacteria viz., E. coli, B. subtilis, S. aureus … Flowering. New growth usually has a bronze tinge. The Plant List : Other vernacular names : BOLIVIAN: KU;bu;re, Pimento, Popatoa, Tetilla, Toro torito, Vaca vaquita. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush) / Ten Random Facts - Considered an invasive weed in some parts of Australia and New Zealand. The lifespan of plants, just like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the environmental conditions. Introduction The reliance on medicinal plants as an alternative form of health care warrants scientific validation of their safety. The petals turn red with black berries suspended from these petals. Moderate care. Family • Studies • Antibacterial / Stem and Root Bark: Study evaluated the biologic activities of Ochna thomasiana. Fragrant 5-petaled yellow flowers with numerous yellow center stamens bloom on short lateral branches from spring to early summer. their traditional uses. Ochna integerrima is a medicinal and ornamental plant, is widely distributed in Southeast Asia areas. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) is a slow-growing, semi-evergreen shrub of loose, open habit with elliptical, finely toothed, glossy green leaves, up to 3 in. The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. - Taxonomy: Ochna serrulata was first described by German naturalist Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, and Its binomial name was given by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers. Notes (af: Fynblaarrooihout; en: small-leaved plane) (3) Study Compound 1 showed antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM. It is similar to Ochna kirkii, also called Mickey Mouse plant, which has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers. is an accepted name. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Always use the herbicide in accordance with the directions on the label. 8 comments on “Ochna serrulata” Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne. Bark, roots, fruit. summer. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. United States. This family has about 30 genera and about 250 species. Expected size. Leaves are up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins. Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds / Tshepiso J. Makhafola and Jacobus N. Eloff / S Afr J Sci 2012; 108 (1/2) Derivation of name and historical aspects History . (see constituents above) (9) Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. / F. R. van Heerden, M. M. Ndoile, Y. Ding / Bi-national Organic Chemistry Conference 2014 Folkloric Walp. Minimum temperature. Frequent watering. Menu. - Etymology: Ochna, of Greek origin from the word Ochne means 'wild pear'; serrulata, of Latin origin from the word serrula means 'little saw' referring to the fine-toothed margins of the leaves. Homonyms Ochna serrulata Walp. Ochna serrulata - Mickey Mouse Plant. South Africa. It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. Max. Aromatic. (1) Ochna serrulata ; Ochna natalitia. Description Ochna grows as a shrub that is erect and woody up to about 1.5 m high. 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