Jesus Christ in the Book of Romans A Final Prayer. 1. Rom. While we are in the midst of so many deceivers, we have great need of that wisdom of the prudent which is to understand his way, Proverbs 14:8. Why would Paul spend a significant part—forty words—at the very beginning of his final greetings, mentioning Phoebe, someone who is not even from his church at Corinth? Epp makes use of the following two articles: Richard S. Cervin, “A Note regarding the Name ‘Junia(s)’ in Romans 16.7,”. Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ The reason why he was so ready and willing to preach it, even where he ran the greatest risk of his character and life, was, because it was "the Gospel of Christ" he preached, and he was not ashamed of it. 25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, 26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith: 27 To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. True love never sticks at labour, but rather takes a pleasure in it where there is much love there will be much labour. We will list four … He told his audiences to accept her and offer her any help which she may ask for because she had been very helpful to a great many people, including him. A. Greetings to many different Christians. In other words, this benediction leads one to think that Romans is all about how the gospel brings the Gentiles to faith. (2.) Therefore, because it was so, these seducing teachers would be the more apt to assault them. The early translations, such as the Old Latin, Vulgate, Syriac and Coptic translations all translate the name as a woman’s name. ... Romans 16:25 "Now to Him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret … It is a very sweet promise (Romans 16:20): The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: 23 Stedman, 39 Sermons on Romans, v. 15:33. Paul sometimes calls Timothy his son, as an inferior but here he styles him his work-fellow, as one equal with him, such a respect does he put upon him: and Lucius, probably Lucius of Cyrene, a noted man in the church of Antioch (Acts 13:1), as Jason was at Thessalonica, where he suffered for entertaining Paul (Acts 17:5,6): and Sosipater, supposed to be the same with Sopater of Berea, mentioned Acts 20:4. Romans 4:16. [2.] Paul may choose Phoebe simply because she is a prominent woman. Concerning Mary, and some others who were laborious in that which is good, industrious Christians: Mary, who bestowed much labour on us. Perhaps this Tertius was the same with Silas for Silas (as some think) signifies the third in Hebrew, as Tertius in Latin. This was not a passionate kiss, but a friendly kiss. 16:1-15– These verses consist of a list of people who received Paul’s greetings in Rome.They were both Jews and Gentiles, men and women, slave and free. In other words, there was once—and this would hold good even if the ‘Ephesian’ theory were right—a body of men and women to whom the Epistle to the Romans could be sent in the confident expectation that it provided an answer to their questions; that somehow or other it would be understood and valued. Sad experience witnesses how many who have begun to ask the way to Zion, with their faces thitherward, have fatally split upon this rock, which proves it to be much the duty of ministers, with a double care, to feed the lambs of the flock, to lay a good foundation, and gently to lead those that are with young. Still, this chapter is highly significant, since it connects what some people read as the abstract, doctrinal sections of Romans that seem to orbit in the stratosphere down to life as we experience it here with our feet on the ground. Will not these adversaries of our souls be at length too hard for us?" It was no disparagement to the chamberlain of the city to be a preacher of the gospel of Christ. This letter, written before the gospels, is well ahead of the gospel authors who used “in memory of her” simultaneously to commemorate and render anonymous the woman who anointed Jesus (Matt. Observe, They corrupt their heads by deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating themselves into their affections. Phoebe may have been the person who personally delivered Paul’s epistle to the Romans. They come from various places. We regard it as virtually certain that Phoebe is being described as ‘a (or possible ‘the’) deacon’ of the church in question and that this occurrence of diakonos is to be classified with its occurrences in Phil I.I and 1 Tim 3.8ff.8, Dunn notes that given the date of this letter, “Phoebe is the first recorded ‘deacon’ in the history of Christianity.” That the mention of her name and office made an impression on early readers is evident in a sixth-century inscription from the Mount of Olives for a woman named Sophie who is identified as a deaconess called “the second Phoebe.”9. There is something observable in several of these salutations. III. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Believers named in Paul’s letter to the Roman house churches,” distills information available from Romans 16:3-15 and Lampe’s careful examination of the names listed there through the lens of Latin inscriptions in Rome.10, Seven women and five men are complimented for the ministry they have performed or are performing. Scripture: Romans 16:27. Reading occasional letters—letters arising out of and addressing specific situations at specific moments in history—as Scripture challenges us when we include chapter 16 as an integral part of Paul’s letter to the Romans. It is evident that Paul is conscious of the real struggles that his addressees faced while living under the power of Rome, an empire that asked all to pledge allegiance to its grandiose self-perception and vision for the world. Every one in his place should strive to serve the church, for therein he serves Christ, and it will turn to a good account another day. John Piper Dec 24, 2006 181 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him A danger discovered is half prevented. That is a wisely simple man that knows not how to do any thing against the truth. A very different, and I believe more suitable response is provided by Karl Barth, who writes the following humorous and insightful summary of the significance of the list of people in this chapter—a summary that contributes to our understanding of the whole chapter’s value: The possibility that Tryphaena and Tryphosa and the other ‘laymen’—not to speak of the ‘theologians’ included in this long list!—would not have been able to understand the Epistle, does not seem to have been considered. Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. If he mean primarily those false doctrines and seducing spirits spoken of before, of which Satan was the prime founder and author, yet doubtless, it comprehends all the other designs and devices of Satan against souls, to defile, disturb, and destroy them, all his attempts to keep us from the purity of heaven, the peace of heaven here, and the possession of heaven hereafter. Those are helpers to faithful ministers that lay out themselves in their families and among their neighbours to do good to souls. It was wrapped up in silence from eternity so some--a temporibus æ ternis it is no new and upstart notion, no late invention, but took rise from the days of eternity and the purposes of God's everlasting love. [A new version of this page can be found here] . They were Paul's cousins, akin to him so was Herodion, Romans 16:11. --he resolves it into the will of God, who is an absolute sovereign, and gives not an account of any of his matters. Paul's letter starts with some basic introductions. Observe here. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: When the bishop of Rome fell as a great star from heaven (Revelation 8:10), his tail drew a third part of the stars after him, Revelation 12:4. Romans 3:21-31; 4:1-25). We must never look for any new revelation, but abide by this, for this is according to the commandment of the everlasting God. Lampe cites J. Bamgart, “Die römischen Sklavennamen” (Ph.D. dissertation, Breslau, 1936), 82-83, and B. Doer, Charles H. Cosgrove, “Did Paul Value Ethnicity?”, Eldon Jay Epp, “Text-Critical, Exegetical, and Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting the Junia/Junias Variation in Romans 16,7,” in. Special respect is to be paid to those that set out early, and come to work in the vineyard at the first hour, at the first call. Not only do they comprise 35% of the believers mentioned, Romans 1:16. The Application to the Gentiles and All Men (2:14-16) E. Exposition Proper Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of … 1. The method they take to compass their design: By good words and fair speeches they deceive the hearts of the simple. Note that there is nothing about Israel in this benediction, nothing of “to the Jew first and then to the Greek.” Indeed Marshall, who takes a positive view of the benediction, betrays the problem when he describes what happens in it: “The Gentile readers are assured that there is almost a divine ‘bias toward the Gentiles,’ despite the fact that the gospel comes ‘to the Jews [sic] first’ and despite the intensity of Paul’s concern for his own people.”29. The word σκοπειν, rendered to mark, signifies, to observe attentively and diligently, as those do who are placed on a watch-tower to observe the motions of their enemies. But go back to Romans 12:1-2 one more time. For example, I. Howard Marshall is very positive about the content of this benediction, as is plain from his title “Romans 16:25-27—An Apt Conclusion.”28, I consider this to be a benediction but not a complete summary of the message of Romans. Some were Christians before him, but some Paul influenced toward Christ. It would be easy to find people going from Corinth to Rome, so although the text will not provide certain answers, we must ask why Paul takes care to describe and commend Phoebe at the beginning of his final greetings. Paul does not pretend to have the monopoly of this discovery, as if he alone knew it no, it is made manifest to many others. 451001 > ROMANS 10:1-21 PAUL was fully aware that the doctrine of the sovereignty of God in the rejection of the Jews and the preaching of salvation to the Gentiles, would greatly offend his countrymen. He was one of a thousand for integrity and holiness.--And his mother and mine, his mother by nature and mine by Christian love and spiritual affection as he calls Phebe his sister, and teaches Timothy to treat the elder women as mothers, 1 Timothy 5:2. Our Master had himself foretold that divisions and offences would come, but had entailed a woe on those by whom they come (Matthew 18:7), and against such we are here cautioned. Here are commendations to some particular friends among those to whom he wrote, more than in any other of the epistles. Though it were so, yet they were in danger from these seducers. 18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple. (2.) A doxology to that God whose gospel it is, ascribing glory to him for ever (Romans 16:27), acknowledging that he is a glorious God, and adoring him accordingly, with the most awful affections, desiring and longing to be at this work with the holy angels, where we shall be doing it to eternity. The five sections of chapter 16 begin with a commendation and introduction of Phoebe, the woman who probably carried the letter and perhaps read it to some of the house churches in Rome. Be ye therefore wise as serpents (Matthew 10:16), wise to discern that which is really good and that which is counterfeit wise to distinguish things that differ, to improve opportunities. John Piper Dec 14, 2003 44 Shares Sermon. (16,17) The sins of the Gentiles set forth. Some wives are better able to explain Bible doctrine than their husbands, and in the right setting it is permissible for the woman to take the lead (though certainly not in a local church teaching situation). It will encourage soldiers when they know the war will be at an end quickly, in such a victory. Though the majority of Romans scholars now consider Romans 16 to be an integral part of the letter that Paul wrote,4 it has not attracted the attention paid to the earlier chapters of the letter. If the Root Is Holy, the Branches Are Holy. of the church in Cenchreae. Concerning Apelles, who is here said to be approved in Christ (Romans 16:10), a high character! The other names marked by “east” probably came from the east, according to Lampe. 2. Some refer it to the happy period of their contentions in true love and unity others to the period of the church's persecutions in the conversion of the powers of the empire to Christianity, when the bloody enemies of the church were subdued and trampled on by Constantine, and the church under his government. Who also were in Christ before me, that is, were converted to the Christian faith. • Verses 16-17 (the first part of the lectionary To this therefore he subjoins the benediction, The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you--the good-will of Christ towards you, the good work of Christ in you. He asks whether this class identity as free had something to do with their ministry as Paul’s coworkers.15, The origin of the people named in Paul’s greetings, Lampe uses explicit evidence (e.g., “Epaenetos, my beloved, who is the firstfruits of Asia in Christ” in 16:5) as well as evidence from inscriptions to determine which names designate people who certainly came from the east, who are marked by boldfaced “east” in the table. It seems then, a church in a house is no such absurd thing as some make it to be. Here the apostle solemnly closes his epistle with a magnificent ascription of glory to the blessed God, as one that terminated all in the praise and glory of God, and studied to return all to him, seeing all is of him and from him. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. Romans 16:1 Or servant; Romans 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. 5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Romans is all about considering the place of the “other” in God’s plan, whether that is the ungodly (Rom. Hey! This is one way of maintaining the communion of saints. Some have argued that the principal referent for the passage is the moral Gentile who has not sinned like other Gentiles in the ways Paul has outlined in 1:18-32. To him bear all the prophets witness. Paul’s commendation of Phoebe functions as a signal to the Roman house churches that he supports the women leaders there. 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